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A single glance : the Mandala of the Two Realms and the up_ya of awakening
Tetreault, Michael J
Wawrytko, Sandra A.
vii, 86 p. : ill.
In Buddhism up_ya is a skillful means or method adopted in order to end suffering and lead others towards enlightenment. The manifestation of up_ya can vary among the various schools of Buddhism, however. This thesis explores the role of up_ya in the Shingon School of esoteric Buddhism in Japan. I argue that the seeming inconsistencies within Buddhist doctrines that appear in the Shingon School are best understood, and removed, when viewed through the lens of up_ya. K_kai, the founder of the Shingon School, was convinced of the superiority of his methods above all others. The Mandala of the Two Realms (Ryokai Mandala) and the ritual performed by the Shingon practitioner is central to K_kai's methods. Clearly aware of his Buddhist predecessors, K_kai builds on the philosophy of N_g_rjuna, who is recognized as a patriarch of the Shingon School. In this way we will see how the Mandala of the Two Realms communicates to us iconographically what N_g_rjuna communicates epistemologically through his Twofold Truth and explore what this has to do with up_ya.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 84-86).
Division of Undergraduate Studies
Master of Arts (M.A.) San Diego State University, 2011
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