This thesis documents the development, implementation and simulation outcomes of the Discrete Ordinates Radiation Model in ANSYS FLUENT simulating the radiative heat transfer occurring in the San Diego State University lab-scale Small Particle Heat Exchange Receiver. In tandem, it also serves to document how well the Discrete Ordinates Radiation Model results compared with those from the in-house developed Monte Carlo Ray Trace Method in a number of simplified geometries. The secondary goal of this study was the inclusion of new physics, specifically buoyancy. Implementation of an additional Monte Carlo Ray Trace Method software package known as VEGAS, which was specifically developed to model lab scale solar simulators and provide directional, flux and beam spread information for the aperture boundary condition, was also a goal of this study. Upon establishment of the model, test cases were run to understand the predictive capabilities of the model. It was shown that agreement within 15% was obtained against laboratory measurements made in the San Diego State University Combustion and Solar Energy Laboratory with the metrics of comparison being the thermal efficiency and outlet, wall and aperture quartz temperatures. Parametric testing additionally showed that the thermal efficiency of the system was very dependent on the mass flow rate and particle loading. It was also shown that the orientation of the small particle heat exchange receiver was important in attaining optimal efficiency due to the fact that buoyancy induced effects could not be neglected. The analyses presented in this work were all performed on the lab-scale small particle heat exchange receiver. The lab-scale small particle heat exchange receiver is 0.38 m in diameter by 0.51 m tall and operated with an input irradiation flux of 3 kWth and a nominal mass flow rate of 2 g/s with a suspended particle mass loading of 2 g/m_. Finally, based on acumen gained during the implementation and development of the model, a new and improved design was simulated to predict how the efficiency within the small particle heat exchange receiver could be improved through a few simple internal geometry design modifications. It was shown that the theoretical calculated efficiency of the small particle heat exchange receiver could be improved from 64% to 87% with adjustments to the internal geometry, mass flow rate, and mass loading.