In recent years, nickel aluminide (NiAl) intermetallic foam, which combines the advantages of nickel-based alloy and metallic foam, has attracted great attention due to its extraordinary properties. In this present work, nickel aluminide (NiAl) foam has been reactively processed from elemental powder (nickel and aluminium) with different types and percentage of volume of a foaming agent (TiH2 or CaCO3), using a combustion synthesis (CS) approach. Most of the previous research has focused on producing close-cell NiAl intermetallic foam; however, this paper presents a new combustion synthesis process to fabricate a hybrid open-cell and close-cell NiAl intermetallic foam. Mixed elemental powder was compacted at moderate pressure generating closed and open porosity with green compact; as a result, part of the liberated gas could escape from the sample, which resulted in producing open-cell pores, in addition, closed cell pores in the product. The effect of foaming agent type and volume percentage on the product is discussed. An increase in volume percentage of TiH2 was found to have beneficial effects on increasing porosity; however, with the increase of volume percentage of CaCO3, there is a big drop in porosity because the low viscosity under high temperature makes more liberated gas escape and pores collapse. According to XRD and EDX analysis, despite the present of multiple phases in samples, NiAl was still the major phase. Hardness measurement shows that high hardness value was obtained at sample of low grain size, hardness value increases with decreasing grain size.