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A microfluidic chaotic mixer for cancer stem cell immunocapture and release
Shaner, Sebastian Wesley
Kassegene, Samuel KindeKatira, ParagRohwer, Forest
xii, 84 pages : illustrations (some color).
Isolation of exceedingly rare and ambiguous cells, like cancer stem cells (CSCs), from a pool of other abundant cells is a daunting task primarily due to the inadequately defined properties of such cells. With phenotypes of different CSCs fairly well-defined, immunocapturing of CSCs is a desirable cell-specific capture technique. A microfluidic device is a proven candidate that offers the platform for user-constrained microenvironments that can be optimized for small-scale volumetric flow experimentation. In this study, we show how a well-known passive micromixer design (staggered herringbone mixer — SHM) can be optimized to induce maximum chaotic mixing within antibody-laced microchannels and, ultimately, promote CSC capture. The device's (Cancer Stem Cell Capture Chip - CSC™) principle design configuration is called: Single-Walled Staggered Herringbone (SWaSH). The CSC™ was constructed of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) foundation and thinly coated with an alginate hydrogel derivatized with streptavidin. The results of our work showed that the non-stickiness of alginate and antigen-specific antibodies allowed for superb target-specific cell isolation and negligible non-specific cell binding. Future engineering design directions include developing new configurations (e.g. Staggered High-Low Herringbone (SHiLoH) and offset SHiLoH) to optimize microvortex generation within the microchannels. This study's qualitative and quantitative results can help stimulate progress into refinements in device design and prospective advancements in cancer stem cell isolation and more comprehensive single-cell and cluster analysis
San Diego State University
Master of Science (M.S.) San Diego State University, 2016
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