Daltônico: The Myth of Brazil’s “Racial Democracy,” explores the construction of Brazilian national identity throughout the Twentieth century, aided by the analysis of three central cultures and ethnicities that are integral to an understanding of Brazilian race and identity. By studying Afro-Brazilian, Japanese, and Middle Eastern immigration and identities in Brazil during the Twentieth century alongside Brazil’s “whitening” policies and the radical, political climate, this thesis aims to dispute Brazil’s national understanding of Gilberto Freyre’s “racial democracy.” This ideology, which was proposed in Freyre’s grande e senzala, 1933, led to the belief that due to Brazil’s longstanding history of slavery and forced emigration from Africa, the country was already post-racial, which they considered superior to the US model of segregation of black people. Pair this with theories of “whitening” policies, which claimed that in order to reach racial superiority, the blacks had to mix with the whites, thereby creating an overall “whiter” national image. These two powerful racial ideologies impacted immigrants as well as ex-slaves and Afro-Brazilians by attempting to erase any ethnicity that was not considered Brazilian. In doing so, while officials and politicians believed that these new policies would bring racial harmony, the consequences of “whitening” resulted in sometimes further polarization of the races, and it was up to the minorities, in this case, the Japanese and the Middle Easterners, to prove their “Brazilianness,” whether it be through forms of resistance or integration. This thesis discusses each race and ethnicity in accordance to each groups’ patterns of immigration and periods of significance throughout the Twentieth century, in order to discuss Brazilian racial politics and attempt to disprove the myth of Freyre’s “racial democracy” and the pseudo-success of “whitening” policies.